Category: Ideologies

  • Download Anarchy Unbound: Why Self-Governance Works Better Than You by Peter T. Leeson PDF

    By Peter T. Leeson

    In Anarchy Unbound, Peter T. Leeson makes use of rational selection thought to discover some great benefits of self-governance. hoping on event from the earlier and current, Professor Leeson offers facts of anarchy 'working' the place it truly is least anticipated to take action and explains how this is often attainable. Provocatively, Leeson argues that during a few situations anarchy will also outperform executive as a approach of social association, and demonstrates the place this can ensue. Anarchy Unbound demanding situations the normal self-governance knowledge. It showcases the excellent ingenuity of personal contributors to safe social cooperation with out executive and the way their remarkable technique of doing so should be more suitable to reliance at the state.
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  • Download Cold War Counterfeit Spies: Tales of Espionage - Genuine or by Nigel West PDF

    By Nigel West

    The chilly battle, with its air of mutual worry and mistrust and the shadowy global of spies and mystery brokers, gave publishers the opportunity to supply numerous tales of espionage, treachery and deception. What Nigel West has came across is that the main egregious deceptions have been actually the tales themselves. during this impressive research into the claims of many that portrayed themselves as key avid gamers in clandestine operations, the writer has uncovered a list of misrepresentations and falsehoods.

    Did Greville Wynne relatively exfiltrate a GRU defector from Odessa? was once the frogman Buster Crabb kidnapped in the course of a venture in Portsmouth Harbour? Did the KGB run a close-guarded education facility, as defined by way of J. Bernard Hutton at school for Spies, which used to be modelled on a customary city within the American mid-west, so brokers should be acclimatised to a non-Soviet setting?

    With the aid of witnesses with first-hand event, and lately declassified files, Nigel West solutions those and different interesting questions from a time whilst secrecy and suspicion allowed the reality to be concealed.
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  • Download The Libertarian Illusion: Ideology, Public Policy and the by William E. Hudson PDF

    By William E. Hudson

    Looking at public coverage debates in traditional terms—in phrases of clash among the left and the right—has grown more and more bulky in an period the place conservatives name themselves revolutionaries and liberals strike certainly Burkean poses by way of reforming Social protection or Medicare. via an exam of the libertarian worldview, as soon as at the margins of yankee politics yet now within the mainstream, William E. Hudson indicates the way it has attracted robust political supporters and is promoted via a community of associations and coverage advocates devoted to its beliefs. The Libertarian Illusion bargains a good researched, balanced, and systematic critique of libertarian coverage proposals on either the conservative (taxation and monetary coverage, healthiness care, social defense, and company legislation) and liberal (abortion, stem telephone study, and euthanasia) aspects of the conventional political spectrum.

    Always enticing and provocative, Hudson hones in at the primary price alterations that force political debate, arguing extra communitarian outlook bargains ideas prone to resolve America’s coverage problems.

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  • Download Politik und Mythos - Nationale Sinnstiftung durch by Anonym PDF

    By Anonym

    Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2002 im Fachbereich Politik - Politische Theorie und Ideengeschichte, word: 1,3, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena (Institut für Politikwissenschaft ), Veranstaltung: Politische Kultur und ihre Rahmenbedingungen im wiedervereinten Deutschland, fifty five Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Auch die Deutschen können auf Zeichen und Mythen nicht verzichten, in welchen sie ihren Staat dargestellt sehen und die einstmals große Bedeutung für die Entwicklung und Herausbildung eines deutschen Nationalbewusstseins besaßen. Denn Symbole und Mythen stehen für Ideen und politische Ziele. Ihre Ziele sind es, staatsbürgerliche Einheit zu stiften und Grundüberzeugungen zu verkörpern.
    Gerade dort, wo die Kenntnis und Pflege der nationalen Symbole und Mythen fehlt, mangelt es auch an der sich tragenden politischen Hoffnung. Hier besteht die Gefahr, dass streitstiftende Symbole das vorhandene Vakuum ausfüllen. Zwischen unkritischer Begeisterung für die state und dem Desinteresse an der eigenen Staatlichkeit und Vergangenheit liegt der fremd zu scheinen gewordene Umgang mit nationalen Mythen und Symbolen. Ein Grund dafür liegt in der mangelnden Kenntnis über die geschichtlichen Ereignisse, aus denen die Symbole und Mythen hervorgegangen sind und deren Verbreitung und Bedeutung für die Herausbildung eines einheitlichen Nationalbewusstseins. Diesem Defizit versucht die vorliegende Arbeit teilweise Abhilfe zu verschaffen. Dabei wird der Frage nachgegangen, inwiefern der Mythos um Hermann den Cherusker dem Anspruch gerecht wurde, nationale Identität zu stiften und nationales Bewusstseins heraus zubilden.
    Grundlage dafür bildet zunächst die theoretische Auseinandersetzung mit den zentralen Begriffe image und Mythos. In einem zweiten Schritt wird die historische Begebenheit dargestellt und untersucht und wie diese letztendlich zum Mythos umfunktioniert wurde. Die symbolische Umsetzung und Interpretation der politischen Zeichensprache wird in einem dritten Kapitel anhand des Hermanndenkmals untersucht. In den abschließenden Kapiteln wird neben der Bedeutung und Reichweite des Hermannmythos im Wandel der Zeit auch die Frage geklärt, ob Mythen heutzutage noch Bedeutung besitzen und die bestehende Dialektik zwischen Mythos, Identität und Nationalbewusstsein hervorgehoben.
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  • Download JFK and the Reagan Revolution: A Secret History of American by Lawrence Kudlow,Brian Domitrovic PDF

    By Lawrence Kudlow,Brian Domitrovic

    The interesting, suppressed background of ways JFK pioneered supply-side economics.
    John F. Kennedy was once the 1st president because the Twenties to shrink tax charges across-the-board, turning into one of many earliest supply-siders. unfortunately, today’s Democrats have overlooked JFK’s tax-cut legacy and feature opted as a substitute for an anti-growth, tax-hiking redistribution application, undermining America’s economic system.
    One one who JFK’s tax-cut development version used to be Ronald Reagan.  this is often the never-before-told tale of the hyperlink among JFK and Ronald Reagan.  this can be the key historical past of yankee prosperity.
    JFK learned that prime taxes that punished luck and fanned category war harmed the economic system. within the Nineteen Fifties, while excessive tax premiums prevailed, the United States persevered recessions each or 3 years and the ranks of the unemployed swelled. merely within the Nineteen Sixties did an uninterrupted growth at a excessive expense of progress (averaging five percentage according to yr) force an immense elevate in jobs for the longer term. the variation was once Kennedy’s fiscal coverage, really his push for sweeping tax-rate cuts.
    Kennedy used to be such a success within the ’60s that he without delay encouraged Ronald Reagan’s tax lower revolution within the Eighties, which rejuvenated the economic system and gave us one other growth that lasted for 2 decades.
    Lawrence Kudlow and Brian Domitrovic show the key heritage of yank prosperity through exploring the little-known battles in the Kennedy management. They convey why JFK rejected the recommendation of his Keynesian advisors, turning as a substitute to the guidelines proposed by means of the non-Keynesians on his workforce of rivals.   

    We meet a desirable solid of characters, in particular Treasury Secretary Douglas Dillon, a Republican. Dillon’s rivals, equivalent to liberal economists Paul Samuelson, James Tobin, and Walter Heller, fought to take care of the excessive tax rates—including an extraordinary ninety one% best rate—that have been smothering the economic climate. In a wrenching fight for the brain of the president, Dillon confident JFK of the long term risks of nosebleed income-tax premiums, large spending, and unfastened funds. eventually, JFK selected Dillon’s tax cuts and sound-dollar regulations and rejected Samuelson and Heller.
    according to Kennedy’s progressive tax lower, the economic system soared. yet because the Nineteen Sixties wore on, the departed president’s priorities have been undone through the government-expanding and tax-hiking error of Presidents Johnson, Nixon, Ford, and Carter. The ensuing recessions and the “stagflation” of the Nineteen Seventies took the kingdom off its usual process progress and prosperity-- till JFK’s actual heirs back to the White condominium within the Reagan era. 

    Kudlow and Domitrovic make a powerful case that the ideas had to remedy the lengthy monetary stagnation of the early twenty-first century are once more the free-market ideas of restricted executive, low tax charges, and a powerful greenback. We easily have to include the bipartisan knowledge of 2 nice presidents, unharness prosperity, and recuperate the greatness of America.

    From the Hardcover edition.
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  • Download Reasonably Gay: Essays and Arguments Volume 3 by Chad Felix Greene PDF

    By Chad Felix Greene

    the subsequent assortment represents, to the simplest of my skill, a voice of conservative suggestion and perception. even if no longer each person will trust every little thing written on those pages, i'm hoping all on our aspect of the political spectrum will realize the reasoning at the back of all of it. As my perspectives have adjusted, advanced or replaced over the years, my writing has grown with it and i've labored tough to absorb as many views at the correct as attainable.

    Who i'm is captured below the outside of my writing and that i are usually open and sincere anyplace i will. i've got constantly felt it was once very important to percentage my studies, struggles and successes with others to confidently gain them. i've been very liberal, an recommend on many fronts and a seeker of fact all through and i've gathered adventure and perception over the years. i'm constantly studying from how others percentage themselves with me besides.

    Volume three is a suite of essays and arguments on issues like transgender identification, homosexual Republicans, debt and good fortune, 'marriage equality', LGBT controversy and protecting Christian faith.
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  • Download Democratic Transitions: Modes and Outcomes (Democratization by Sujian Guo,Gary A Stradiotto PDF

    By Sujian Guo,Gary A Stradiotto

    Democratic transitions have happened in lots of nations in numerous areas around the globe, similar to Southern Europe, Latin the US, Africa, East and Southeast Asia, jap Europe and the center East, and those international locations have passed through simuntaneously political, financial and social differences. but, the styles and features of transitions have assorted considerably, and varied modes of transition have ended in assorted outcomes.

    This e-book bargains cross-national comparisons of democratic transition because the flip of the 20th century and asks what makes democracies be successful or fail. In doing so it explores the impact the mode of transition has at the toughness or toughness of the democracy, via theoretically reading and quantitatively checking out this courting. The authors argue that the mode of transition without delay affects the luck and failure of democracy, and recommend that cooperative transitions, the place competition teams interact with incumbent elites to peacefully transition the nation, lead to democracies that last more and are linked to greater measures of democratic quality.

    Based on a cross-national dataset of all democratic transitioning states considering the fact that 1900, this booklet may be of significant curiosity to scholars and students of overseas politics, comparative politics and democracy, and democratization studies.

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  • Download Marxism (RLE Marxism): An Historical and Critical Study: by George Lichtheim PDF

    By George Lichtheim

    This booklet, first released in 1961 and revised in 1964, is either a serious examine of a physique of idea and an old account of the way Marxist idea arose from the context of ecu background within the 19th century. It strains the improvement of socialist concept from the French to the Russian Revolutions and makes an attempt to teach in what demeanour the political and highbrow difficulties of vital Europe among 1848 and 1948 got here to dominate the speculation and perform of that Marxist move which shaped the an important hyperlink among the 2 revolutions. the writer takes the view that Marxism is a move and a physique of doctrine which belongs basically to the 19th century, which got here to an finish with the 1st global struggle and the Russian Revolution, and that its effect as a doctrine has now been absorbed.

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  • Download Lisbon Rising: Urban Social Movements in the Portuguese by Pedro Ramos Pinto PDF

    By Pedro Ramos Pinto

    Lisbon emerging explores the function of a frequent city social circulate in Portugal's revolution and transition to democracy.

    The emergence of a grassroots circulation of the city held the promise that the revolution might carry a really renowned and socialist democracy. Many hundreds of thousands participated in democratic neighbourhood assemblies finding out the destiny of the town, outfitted homes, colleges and hospitals, and occupied millions of flats. but, whereas the circulate is still to at the present time a logo of the chances of grassroots democracy, little is understood approximately the way it seemed, what position it performed within the Carnation Revolution, and why it disappeared after 1975. Drawing on newly on hand assets, Lisbon emerging demanding situations common perspectives of civil society in southern Europe as vulnerable, arguing that well known pursuits had a big and self sufficient position democratisation, inviting us to reconsider position of well known business enterprise within the historical past and concept of transitions.

    Lisbon emerging can be of curiosity scholars and students of twentieth-century eu heritage, in addition to of democratisation, social pursuits and citizenship in political technology and sociology.
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  • Download Die Bedeutung des Gewissens für politisches Handeln: by Julia Müller PDF

    By Julia Müller

    Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2012 im Fachbereich Politik - Politische Theorie und Ideengeschichte, observe: 2,0, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg (Institut für Politikwissenschaft und Japanologie), Veranstaltung: Theorien der Zivilgesellschaft, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Ziviler Ungehorsam ist gewissensgeleiteter, bewusster Rechtsbruch, um innerhalb einer verfassungsmäßigen Ordnung gegen bestehende Gesetze oder einzelnes Regierungshandeln zu pro-testieren. Spätestens seit Thoreau ist das Gewissen aus Definitionen des zivilen Ungehorsams nicht mehr wegzudenken. Im Zuge des Kampfes gegen die Rassentrennung und später der Proteste gegen den Vietnamkrieg wurde der Begriff des zivilen Ungehorsams auch außerhalb der wissenschaftlichen Betätigung aktuell. Doch der Begriff, der von verschiedensten Aktionsformen für sich in Anspruch genommen wird, bedarf einer theoretischen foundation, damit guy das Phänomen als solches verstehen und von anderen Formen des Widerstandes trennen kann: „Widerstand kann sich gegen eine äußere wie eine innere Bedrohung richten, er kann gewaltsam oder gewaltlos/gewaltfrei, aktiv oder passiv, zivil oder militärisch sein“ (Münkler 1995: 691), schreibt Münkler über die verschiedenen Formen des Widerstandes. Einige Aspekte hiervon treffen auf den zivilen Ungehorsam zu, andere nicht. Verschiedene Theoretiker haben den zivilen Ungehorsam unterschiedlich definiert.
    Auch Hannah Arendt hat sich im Zuge des Vietnamkrieges mit dem zivilen Ungehorsam auseinander gesetzt. Neben einer eigenen Definition geht es ihr vor allem darum, in ihren Augen falsche Annahmen über den zivilen Ungehorsam zu korrigieren und ihn als geeignetes Heilmittel darzustellen für eine Gesellschaft, in welcher der Geist der Verfassung nicht mehr im Vordergrund steht – konkret bezogen auf Amerika in der späten Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts. Ihre Kritik an anderen Definitionen des zivilen Ungehorsams richtet sich dabei vor allem gegen das Gewissen als Grundlage.
    Was bei anderen Autoren ein entscheidendes Merkmal ist, wird additionally bei Arendt abgelehnt. Es stellt sich die Frage, welche Bedeutung das Gewissen für politisches Handeln hat. Diese leitende Fragestellung wird in dieser Arbeit in drei Schritten bearbeitet.
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